The Government of Ethiopia is committed to establish self-supply as a service delivery mechanism for rural water within the national WASH programme – and alongside community-managed approaches – in order to reach some of the more than 30% citizens without safe water access. Promoting and supporting self-supply will encourage families to protect and make self-supply sources safe and use them productively. Government intervention focuses on developing the enabling environment, promoting the approach, capacity building, technology development, developing water works enterprises and supply chains for low-cost technologies and facilitating access to existing credit mechanisms for households and enterprises. Investment in water sources is led by households.