Targets

AF8. All African countries undertake legal and institutional reforms to ensure accountability, participatory, efficient and sustainable WSS and WRM at national (2015) and basin (2025).

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AF8. All African countries undertake legal and institutional reforms to ensure accountability, participatory, efficient and sustainable WSS and WRM at national (2015) and basin (2025).

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AP6 Sub-region Central Asia

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Sub-Regional Coordinator: Victor Dukhovny

Scientific Information Center of Interstate Coordination Water Commission (SIC ICWC) 

Key partners (this list is as present) : INBO EECCA, EC IFAS, GWP-CACENA, Committee of Water Resources of Kazakhstan, Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of Uzbekistan, State Agency of Water Resources of Kyrgyzstan, Ministry of Water Resources of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Land Reclamation of Tajikistan, BWO Amudarya, BWO Syrdarya, UNECE, ICARDA, IWMI, ICID, Science Academy (Uzbekistan), WWF, Green Cross International, Hydromet Service of Uzbekistan, Kyrgyz State University, Tashkent State University

Background

 On the Day of Asia during the 3rd World Water Forum in Japan, a special session “Cooperation in integrated water resources use in Central Asia: experience of the past and problems of the future” was organized by the Scientific Information Center of the Interstate Coordination Water Commission (SIC ICWC) jointly with ADB and the UN University. The Regional Water Process for the Central Asian and Caucasus Region (CACENA) initiated by SIC ICWC since the creation of GWP-CACENA in 2003 promotes collaborative approaches. At the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico in 2006, the key regional water related issues, challenges and commitments were presented. Some were later supported by a consortium of donors in order to improve water use in the agrarian sector (2007) in close collaboration with the UNECE Secretariat of the European Convention. During the preparation of the 5th Forum, the CACENA region was included into a special regional group “In & around Turkey”. Under the scope of the regional process framework, SIC ICWC jointly with the Executive Committee of IFAS and GWP-CACENA organized the workshop “Climate Change, Water Resources Management, Governance and Capacity Building Issues in Central Asia and Caucasus” in Bishkek (2008).

The former cross-continental process Central Asia now is reincorporated as a sub-regional component under the Asia Pacific regional process. After the sub-regional symposium ‘Water in Central Asia’ in November 2010, the preparatory conference of “Cooperative Actions for Water Security” took in place in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on May 12-13, 2011, where the concept notes for sub-regional priorities were debated and the draft Charter of Global Water Security was produced.

So far 7 sub-regional priorities for Central Asia were developed , including: 1) Guaranteeing water for future generations; 2) Risk Management and Water Security; 3) International cooperation on the issues of trans-boundary water courses management based on International Conventions; 4) Adoption of innovations in the agrarian sector in order to achieve food security;  5) Use of integrated water resources management as a tool for balancing multiple uses of water; 6) Climate change and conserving environmental capacity;  and 7) Sustainable water supply and sanitation.  A 2 hours target session will be organized for presenting and discussing relative solutions at the Forum as Central Asia’ s contributions to the Asia Pacific regional process.

          SUB-TARGETS

  • CA 1.1 Develop forecast for future water situation in the Central Asia for next 25 years

  • CA 2.1: Preparation of strategy and plan of actions for institutional and legal framework

  • CA 3.1 Assess and identify the shared benefits from trans-boundary water cooperation

  • CA 4.1: Increase productivity of unit irrigation water and of unit land

  • CA 5.1: Evaluation of experience of Central Asia countries in implementation of IWRM

  • CA 6.1: Assessment of supposed change of water availability in principal water basins

  • CA 7.1: Identify the extent of progress towards achievement of the MDGs in the water supply and sanitation

  • CA3.2: Develop mechanisms for strengthening collaboration

 

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Am4.2 By 2020 increase the use of treated wastewater and/or low quality water in agriculture

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Am4.2  By 2020 increase the use of treated wastewater and/or low quality water in agriculture in the Americas by 25% as compared to 2005-07 baseline. 

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1.5.8 Training in transboundary water management and conflict resolution

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1.5.8By 20xx, contribute to increasing the training in transboundary water management and conflict resolution of a number of key groups such as 1. Decision makers, 2. Senior and high-level water professionals, 3. Junior water professionals, 4. Media professionals and 5. Public at large.”

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2.3.8 Network of water and energy policy makers

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2.3.8 “By 2015, establish a network of water and energy policy makers involving at least 10 developed and 10 developing countries to increase levels of dialogue and awareness of all aspects of water/energy nexus”

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AF9. Integrate water security and climate resilience into country national development plans, and African Water sector representation in the negotiation on climate change starting by COP 18 to ensure access to incremental funding by 2015.

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AF9. Integrate water security and climate resilience into country national development plans, and African Water sector representation in the negotiation on climate change starting by COP 18 to ensure access to incremental funding by 2015.

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2.2.9 Reduce the % of small-holders without access to training, credit & markets

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2.2.9 “Improve water management for more food production and increased access to water for smallholder farmers”

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1.5.9 Programmes of peer-to-peer twinning

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1.5.9By 20xx, establish and support programmes of ‘peer-to-peer’ twinning between basin organizations, water centres and other concerned institutions, to foster knowledge and exchange.”

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Am5.1 By 2012, develop a Water-Energy Nexus Collaboration Network for the Americas

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Am5.1 By 2012, develop a Water-Energy Nexus Collaboration Network for the Americas that will coordinate the development of subregional policies, guidelines and best-practices that promote the interdependency between water and energy.

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EU9. Protection and restoration of river ecosystems

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 EU9-    Develop new knowledge and know how on  rivers hydro-morphology, restoration and protection of water ecosystems:

 – Promote integration of aquatic ecosystems conservation in land planning and other territorial policies,

- Share experiences on the best local implementation of restoration measures,

- Reinforce public education on water ecosystems and resources preservation and restoration,

- Improve the link between tourism development and quality of water ecosystems.

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