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The technical solution follows a Systematic Conservation Planning (SCP) approach, which involves a cost/benefit analysis that counterweights the biodiversity representativeness, biological importance (irreplaceability) and vulnerability with conservation opportunities of a given area to determine its inclusion (or not) in a protected area system  (Margules & Pressey, 2007). Terrestrial ecological systems (Josse et al 2003) and the drainage ecological units developed by WWF (based on Hydrosheds; Lehner et al 2006) as a surrogate for the Amazon ecosystems biodiversity were used to identify a given area’s ecological importance. A protection goal of at least 30% for each landscape/aquascape was defined as a representation target.

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