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1127 - Technical support for an Integrated Water Resources Management in Burkina: The Nakanbé pilot project

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Nakanbe Pilot Project

Governance, Technical, Finances, Communication The  Nakanbé Pilot Project in Burkina Faso is a solution for the technical support of an Integrated Water Resources Management policy in a context economic development.

 

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1065 - Development of a Tool for managing groundwater resources in semi-arid hard rock regions. Application to a rural watershed in south India.

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Water Shed South India

Until recently, aquifers located in hard rock formations (granite, gneiss, schist) were considered as a highly heterogeneous media, and no adequate methodology for groundwater management was available. Recent research studies showed that when hard-rocks are exposed to regional and deep weathering processes and when the geology is relatively homogeneous, a typical hard rock aquifer is made of two main superimposed hydro-geological layers each characterized by quite homogeneous specific hydrodynamic properties: namely the saprolite and the fissured layers. Therefore, for these cases, hard rock aquifers can be considered as a multi-layered system.

 

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1134 - RIM – Network of Farmers in Mediterranean irrigated Systems: an innovative vocational approach

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(© CIRAD - September 2011. Pictures by Amar Imache, Lisode and Marcel Kuper, Cirad).

The pilot project RIM – Network of Farmers in Mediterranean irrigated systems – enables to carry out vocational training in the Maghreb region on water savings in irrigation and the development of value chains, benefiting family farmers’ organisations (cooperatives and agricultural water users’ associations). Read more

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1055 - SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) method

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SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) method – is a simple and cheap procedure to disinfect drinking water at the household level. People of the South get access to safe drinking water and this can improve their health in the long term.

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806 - Solution Sanitation Campaign-A Trigger Approach for generating demand

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The key objective of the sanitation campaign was to ensure that the 100% households toilets were in use by man,woman and children as well as the hygiene behaviours were practiced in sustained manner.

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1053 - Affordability indicator

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The affordability index is the ratio of the price of 120 m3 of water used by a household of 3  (water supply and sanitation) to the income of that household. When the affordability index is too high, social measures may be required. In France and UK, an index of 3% is considered reasonable by official bodies. In France a bill has been proposed to alleviate water expenditures of those having to spend  over 3% of their income for water bills. 

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1028 - Diffusion of the key performance indicators for IWRM developed for the Africa region

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Since 2007, the International Office for Water (IOWater) and the International Network of Basin Organizations (INBO) are developing performance indicators for the assessment of African Transboundary Basin Organizations (TBOs).

 

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1091 - The French Global Environment Facility support to the Volta Basin Authority: creation of an observatory of water resources and associated environments

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Although 19 million people live in the Volta basin and largely depend on its resources for their livelihoods, no basin organization was in place to effectively manage its resources until January 2007. On that date, a convention was adopted by the riparian States, creating the Volta Basin Authority (VBA) and defining the legal status of the river.

 

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1027 - ECOWAS initiatives for the sound development of dams

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In Africa and West Africa in particular, there is a need of large hydraulic infrastructures for the development of irrigation, access to energy and more broadly the general improvement of incomes and way of life. Such infrastructures are crucial for economic development and integration of the region. However, they can also be destructive if their realization doesn’t take into account environmental and social aspects, and if it is made without concertation through transboundary basin organization in order not to jeopardize upstream/downstream relationship.

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1024 - Suggestion of the creation of an IPCC of water: the Intergovernmental Panel on Water (IPW)

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This solution consists in replicating in the water sector a structure similar to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It seems relevant since, as climate, water is both a global and local issue, characterized by long-term challenges concerning mankind as a whole.

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