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In improving water and sanitation coverage in rural areas, some of the major problems have been demand and usage, access to water and sanitation, materials, cost, quality, and technology choices. Energy Environment and Development Society (EEDS), a reputed NGO in Bhopal, introduced an innovative onsite capacity building approach, known as PAN IN THE VAN.

PAN IN THE VAN, where PAN denotes hardware and Van is onsite software, has been conceptualised as a comprehensive WASH approach that provides communities with access to dignified sanitation.

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