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Cambodian agriculture is characterized by subsistence rice growing, located in the heart of the Cambodian plain around the Mekong/Tonle Sap system. Due to the huge demographic growth, there is a lack of land for rice production and rainfed agriculture expands on neighbouring lands. Nevertheless, due to the lack of accompaniment of this “land rush” the farmers develop unsustainable practices with environmental consequences as hydric erosion, high dependence to climate change and low soils fertility.

The French Development Agency (AFD) introduced the concept of DMC (Direct sowing and Mulch based Cropping Systems) by using permanent plant cover and plowless sowing, in the  component of the small holders hevea cultivation development project, from 2003, then in the PADAC (Project to Support Agricultural Development in Cambodia) in 2008.

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