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Non-Conventional Water Resources, and in particular Rainwater Harvesting, as a cost effective practice for water availability and climate change adaptation at local level in water scarce Mediterranean communities

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A Non-Conventional Water Resources (NCWR) Programme in the Mediterranean is implemented by the Global Water Partnership – Mediterranean (GWP-Med) and partner institutions, organisations and companies with Coca Cola as a key collaborator. It aims at advancing the use of NCWR and in particular of traditional Rainwater Harvesting (RWH), combined with and improved by innovative techniques and methods, in water scarce communities in the Mediterranean, as a cost effective method for water availability and climate change adaptation at local level. 

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Sand dams – A solution for dryland communities

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Sand dams are a simple, low cost and low maintenance, replicable rainwater harvesting technology. It’s a solution that focuses on community ownership and self supply that involves significant community contribution and locally supplied skills.

They provide a clean, local water supply for domestic and farming use and are suited to arid and semi-arid areas of the world.  A sand dam is a reinforced concrete wall (or a similarly robust and impermeable weir) typically built 1 – 5 metres high across a seasonal sand river. When it rains the dam captures soil laden water behind it – the sand in the water sinks to the bottom, whilst the silt remains suspended in the water.

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Integrating farmers’ knowledge and experiences into scientific research to adapt climate change impact on agricultural water in Sudan

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Farmers associations in Gezira Scheme are adopting crop choices, changing irrigation intervals and time of irrigation to adapt climate change. These farmers’ efforts need to be integrated into scientific research to strategically adapt climate change in Sudan. Farmers should be included in climate research as main source of information. Scientists, researchers and policy makers should consider farmers views in building sustainable strategies to adapt climate change.

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Fostering communities of practice around cities for resilient water management

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The Alliance for Global Water Adaptation (AGWA) is a new organization designed to bring together diverse bodies of expertise and types of institutions to develop the next generation of water resource management and support its operationalization. We envision the creation of comprehensive content development, promotion, and amplification process capable of mobilizing community member interaction (crowdsourcing, community-based design, social networking, wikis) as well as feedback from AGWA members.

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Community Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in the South Caucasus

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The suggested solution aims to make the most of state of the art climate change modeling  (risk assessments based on hazard and vulnerability assessments) through the active involvement of local communities in the development of climate change and disaster risk adaptation plans.

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A framework for building water and climate resilience – Action on adaptation in the world’s vulnerability hot spots

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Climate change is real and underway, with anticipated impacts that are now unavoidable. Managing these makes adaptation to climate change imperative. Impacts of climate change will mean that addressing global social, economic, and security priorities will become more difficult as time advances. Without effective adaptation, food, energy and water security will weaken, with economic growth disrupted more often and more deeply. At the centre of climate change impacts is water. Fears over climate change focus on projected increases in the severity and frequency of droughts, floods and storms, accelerated melting of glaciers and rising sea-levels. Climate change adaptation starts with managing water-related risks.

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Case study: developing a Climate Adaptation Strategy for the Danube River Basin

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At the Ministerial Meeting in February 2010, the Ministers of the Danube countries asked the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) to develop until the end of 2012 a Climate Adaptation Strategy for the Danube River Basin.

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