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Using a “community based vulnerability assessment and monitoring” (CBVAM) approach in order to improve the quality of WASH activities in humanitarian contexts

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Dividing up the humanitarian response in the linear approach (continuum) into the 3 phases Relief/Rehabilitation/Development, does not take into account the populations’ concerns. People do not see their situation in those terms. Their objective is to improve their livelihoods and to be able to cope with shocks throughout their lives. It is then our duty to implement both qualitative emergency interventions and long term activities, depending on the context.

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Community Management of Natural Resources, especially water in the Thar Desert, India as a Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change

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Broad based community institutions called Jal Sabhas (water user associations) have been facilitated in villages to manage water resources, supporting them to develop integrated micro plans and micro projects on water harvesting and conservation, facilitating development of equitable and efficient water management systems. Stakeholders have been sensitized through regular training for inclusion of women and marginalised groups in village institutions. As a part of institution building and for sustainability, a development fund or Jal Kosh has been set up in each Jal Sabha that raises resources from the community, that are used for maintenance of water harvesting structures.

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Using institutionalized “Ecological Impact Checklist” to Ensure Public and Community Participation

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The Shihmen Reservoir and Its Catchment Management Program was implemented from 2006 to 2011. The objective of this program was to solve water deficit crisis in the Taoyuan Country area due to the degradation of the functions of the reservoir. To respond to the call from environmental groups for more participation and ecological perspective, moreover, the main manager of this project–the Water Resources Agency of the Ministry of Environmental Resources, adopted an innovative initiative called “Ecological Impact Checklist,” to ensure that local citizens, environmental groups and ecology experts are consulted in the planning process of each and every construction project. 

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Community Integration for Multi Village Water Supply Scheme in Sri-Lanka A Case StudyI

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Rural water supply system that cover more than one village are becoming increasingly common in Sri-Lanka .The desire to provide pipe borne water supply to rural areas, despite local  water supply scarcity and increasingly contaminated sources, is leading planners to examine ever more distant water sources. However, treating and piping water from these remote sources is often complex and expensive, and planners have realized that cost be reduced, and options broadened, if villages hand together and share water supply system.

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How to address cultural behaviors in planning and implementing hygiene promotion programs in emergency contexts

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Despite the time constraint and difficulties that characterize every emergency situation, every humanitarian response that wants to enhance people’s access to water and sanitation must include Hygiene Promotion. Hygiene Promotion is the planned, systematic attempt to enable people to take action to prevent or mitigate water, sanitation, and hygiene related diseases and provides a practical way to facilitate community participation and accountability in emergencies (definition from the WASH cluster)

 

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