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Governance and IWRM for the most water-stressed region in Europe

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The solution of the Region of Murcia for Water governance can be summarized in creating an institutional and legal system that has worked well and is based on the following practices:

(1) High efficiency in the use of water resources for urban and agricultural uses.

(2) High level of reuse of all wastewater for agricultural and environmental uses.

(3) Existence of experiences on the use of desalinated water, having shown its limitations, with facilities regional, state and private owned.

(4) Problems related to the use of groundwater to face periods of drought, with a current situation in which these water bodies are polluted and overexploited.

(5) Models of efficiency in water use for irrigation, resulting in high-tech agriculture, unsubsidized, competitive and of export.

(6) Viable model of transferring water between basins (Tajo-Segura water transfer) that has meant a case of economic success and territorial and social cohesion that has generated attention for its economic and environmental benefits, job creation and development of Southeast Spain.

(7) Model of good governance and administration, with the creation of a public entity for a single administration of the treatment system and water recycling at the regional level and establishing fees for the system to be self-sufficient from an economic point of view and by the users.

(8) High involvement of civil society and direct management of water users, especially irrigation associations.

(9) Ancient existence of an institutional system for conflict resolution (Court of Wise Men) classified as World Heritage and integrated into the Spanish judiciary as a traditional court.

(10) Existence of a single basin of the Segura River under an administrative model that brings coherence to the management of extreme events (droughts / floods) and can integrate the region into the national water system.

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Young people in charge of water and sanitation in their communities

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We propose to organize and empower the young people in Rabinal and Cubulco, Baja Verapaz, Guatemala, Central America, in order they can be the supervisors to the municipal and central government to water and sanitation politics, plans, investments and developement projects regarding their communities, providing them tools like basic knowledge on the subject, legal advisory and administrative skills to do it.

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Water Governance in Transitional Period

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This is advocating the establishment of “National Water Council” as the proper platform for policy and programs that ensure sustainable development in the water sector after the dramatic changes in the  nature and direction of the political setting in Iraq. The new realities of water shortages, increased competition, and intensified control on water resources both at the sources in neighboring countries as well as within the newly federalized state of Iraq, represent enormous challenges for water and political authorities. The exercise of the newly granted powers for local authorities and emergence of civil society and interest groups and  their engagement in the decision making are unprecedented experiences that need to be formulated and framed legally and institutionally. The second and most important step is to establish a properly authorized commission or council to lead the water sector towards adaptation to the new realities in the shadows of serious climate change impact on the country’s water resources.

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Program devoted to Small and Medium Towns Water Supply in the Mekong Delta Region

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AFD (Agence Française de Développement) and the Ministry of Finance of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (MoF) have entered a credit facility agreement and a grant agreement on October, 2007, for the financing of a program devoted to Small and Medium Towns Water Supply in the Mekong Delta Region. The Program’s rationale is aligned with the strategy of the Government of Vietnam (GoV) in the urban water supply sector, which entails aspects pertaining to (i) an overall increase in water supply coverage and (ii) institutional and economic improvements to the sector via notably decentralization, strengthening of the capabilities of Provincial and Local Water Supply Companies in general (PWSCs), (iii) and the progressive application of full cost recovery (FCR) principles.

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