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Innovative public-private management of wastewater evacuation and treatment in a Cambodian small city

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The purpose of the project in Trapeang Sab Commune was to improve the sanitation situation of the village by:

  • installing a DEWATS (decentralized wastewater treatment) for 250 households and small businesses;
  • providing technical and institutional solutions adapted to the needs;
  • contributing to a production of references for sanitation sector;
  • involving local authorities and communities.

The priorities of the project were on one hand to integrate collective and individual sanitation and on the other hand, to promote a low-cost technologies easily operated by implementing a simplified sewer system able to collect treat 100m3/day of wastewater. The objectives were to reduce groundwater pollution from the unsafe traditional sanitation practices and to reduce associated health risks and foul odors caused by this poor wastewater handling.

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Towards Mainstream Sustainable livelihood by way of Optimal Use of Water for Food Security through medhbandhan (field bunding) under MGNREGS in Tribal District, Mandla (Madhya Pradesh)

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 The model offers an Integrated Agriculture Solution with Infrastructural Support for Sustainable Livelihoods through decentralized Small Scale Surface Water Harvesting Structure. The solution (field bunding) is a continuous activity having annual targets and budget: once field bunds are constructed, clear boundary demarcation in turn reduces conflict among farmers + they can hold the run off rain water for their paddy crop. Sustainable solutions since these are permanent structures, with minor maintenance work has needed from beneficiaries (+ very cheap (Rs 6000/ per acre and  manually operated with little technical inputs). To promote this, awareness camps at Gram Panchayat level and field bunding work were organized. It started in 2009: two hundred and eighty two employees were engaged in organising these camps and 117585 eligible farmers were identified. Two years later, 104573 households  benefited. The District collector has conceptualized the whole set of activities and set a time frame for it and created a pool of resources (e.g. a land treated under MNREGA provides employment to the farm owner as well as other labourers residing in his village). The work executed through the district administration got the cooperation of Sarpanch/ PRIs and other grassroots level functionaries

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IEC for Decentralized Water and Land Planning & Management

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The watershed management and geo-hydrological models are developed basically as a communication tool for the stakeholders, including rural and tribal communities and especially women and the poor.  This will allow them to become involved in watershed management projects in each step of the project cycle and at all levels of decision-making related to decentralized water and land resources planning for integrated development.

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Wastewater treatment in Muntinlupa, Philippines

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The solution is a decentralized wastewater treatment facility in the public market of Muntinlupa City, Philippines. The solution also describes additional policies developed to address water and sanitation concerns in the city, maximizing financial resources and at the same time complying with the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.

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