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Empowering Communities to Choose Sustainable WASH Solutions Through an On-line Decision-Support system

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Community choices is a comprehenssive decision making support system that releases trapped knowledge on WASH technologies and solutions to those who most need this information. It acts as a repository of practical information on WASH technologies and solutions, empowers communities, non-experts, local government representatives, NGOs, and seasonal WASH practitioners to select approriate solutions. The system also links communities and practitioners to funding and technical agencies who could help address WASH needs at the community level. The System prototype is web-based, consisting of sanitation and drinking water treatment modules. To use this system, the user answers a set of questions to identify their economic, environmental, cost, cultural and geological conditions. Based on these responses, the user is provided with a list of technologies which are ranked by how well it fits with the user’s solution. The user can select any technology from the list, and is provided with an easy-to-understand technical description  about the technology, benefits and drawbacks, technical implementation iformation, and contacts for local resources and technical support for that technology.

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Institutional and Legislative Arrangement for Sustainable Rural Water Supply Systems in Sri Lanka

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The Sri Lankan government established the National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWSDB) in 1974. The NWSDB has been implementing rural water supply programmes since 1970’s and then with the initiative of the Water Decade, the facilities were expanded. This initiative had given ample opportunities to NWSDB to experiment with various Strategies and Methodologies for implementing RWSS programmes. . The project had already introduced and applied innovative strategies aiming towards sustainable management. Its main feature was bottom to top approach. In this mechanism the following committees were also established:  

·   Village level – Village Coordination Committee (VCC),

·   Divisional level – Divisional Level Coordination Committee (DLCC),

·   Provincial/Regional level – Provincial Coordination Committee (PCC),

·   National level – National Steering Committee (NSC). 

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