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‘Waste’ heat from Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactors (LFTRs) is at a high enough temperature to desalinate water – for next to nothing!

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A Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) is today’s interpretation of the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor (MSBR) designed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the USA in the early 1970s. It operates at about 700 °C and heats a gas turbine, to power electrical generation.

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Turning Sahara green

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The company intends to offer investors to participate for up to 30 year duration with separate investment plans as well as invite all countries that borders to, or are a part of Sahara to participate in the joint effort needed to fertilize, irrigate and the work needed to plant grass, bushes and trees prior to agriculture.

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Radial counterflow desalination

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Minerals in brackish or even highly saline water, such as RO reject brine, crystallize as fresh water is stripped out in a continuous process using simple equipment.  No change of state is necessary, and no chemicals or membranes.  Counter-rotating coaxial centrifugal impellers create an area-preserving vortex network in a shear layer between them, through which fresh water flows to axial extraction under an RF inductor.  

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Low Energy Consumption in the Ashkelon Seawater Desalination Plant

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Ashkelon successfully provides its full capacity of drinking water (120M m3/year) at the lowest production cost for this type of project. The project was developed as a BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer) by VID Desalination Company Ltd , a consortium comprised of Veolia Water of France and IDE Technologies Ltd of Israel, under a 25 year BOOT contract.

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Variable production regime at the Hadera Seawater Desalination Plant

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The Hadera SWRO  Desalination Plant successfully provides its full capacity of drinking water (127M m3/year) at the lowest production cost for this type of project. The project was developed as a BOT (Build, Operate and Transfer), under a 25 year BOOT contract with the Government of Israel. The plant was originally designed for a capacity of 100M m3/year, following a request from the Government of Israel, this was increased to the current 127M m3/year. The company was designed and constructed by H2ID, a joint venture between IDE Technologies and Shikun & Binui, both of Israel.

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Sorek – the world’s largest mega-sized desalination plant under construction

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The Sorek Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) desalination plant, currently under construction in Sorek, Israel, is a joint venture of IDE Technologies Ltd (51%) and Hutchison Water International Holdings Pte. Ltd (49%) (SDL). With a total contractual capacity of 150 million m3/year, Sorek will be the largest plant of its kind in the world. When completed, the project will set significant new benchmarks in both desalination capacity and water cost, which, at $0.58 per m3, will result in substantial savings for the local water market.

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Condensation tent for cleaning water with solar distillation

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The purpose of the condensation tent is to clean water with solar distillation. The contaminated water is heated up by the sun and vaporizes. The vapor condensates on a sloped foil and will be collected. This water is free of non-volatile impurities, such as salts, fines and bacteria. The costs for the units depend on the local prices and availabilities. The  amount of cleaned water is depending on the location of the tent and the local weather.

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Desalination plant based on wind power

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In 2006 when Australia experimented one of the most severe draught, the government of New South Wales presented its metropolitan plan for water. This plan included recycling, demand reduction and desalination. For Sydney Water Corporation the obective is to have a permanent source of drinking water that does not depend on precipitation. Schneider Electric provides a global energy management solution to Sydney Water Corporation for a desalination plant powered by wind power. This major Australian desalination plant is able to produce 250 Millions of liters of water per day. The number of people served is 1,5 millions in Sydney and its suburbs.

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Pilot Project for Solar Powered Desalination Plants using brackish groundwater in Abu Dhabi Emirate

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The project consists of modular and semi-mobile photovoltaic solar cells power supply system with a capacity of 45 K Watt/hr working during the day hours only to reduce the cost of energy storage. The generated electrify is used to operate a high efficient RO desalination plant for brackish groundwater treatment. The capacity of each RO unit is 5 m3/hr with a recovery ratio of 60%. The system is provided with an ultraviolet filtration and disinfection system. The raw water is abstracted from a groundwater with a submersible pump operated by the solar energy also. Various alternatives and options for brine water discharge were evaluated and it was found that the optimal solution is use evaporative lake. However and some areas where the raw water salinity is less than 10,000 the produced brine water can be used for irrigating native desert plant species (salt tolerant species). It has been found that this system is feasible and the consumption of the energy ranges between 3.0 to 5.0 Kwatt/m3.

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Optimal Utilization of Available Ground Water Resources and alternate for Potable water Supplies – ”Desalination of Sea and Brackish Water” ….

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Sultanate Oman located on the North-east of Arabian Peninsula has a land area of 309,500 Sq kms and a population of 2.743 million. It is in a rain shadow area and has a scarce annual average Rainfall of around 100 mm resulting in very less ground water re-charge. With the steadily increasing population, booming economy and enhanced living standards the demand for water is increasing day by day and the annual domestic demand is increasing at a pace of around 8% every year. So it becomes a continuous process for our planning and design engineers either to upgrade the existing or add additional desalination units to meet the ever increasing demands without affecting the ecosystem. All our plants are eco-friendly either of RO or MSF, with the advanced energy recovery systems, following the latest technologies with out posing any compromise to environmental safety.

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