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Interference-Free Drinking Water Analysis Using ICP-OES

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It is estimated that more than 100,000 chemical substances are contaminating our drinking water every day. As water is the basis for a healthy life, strict control as well as a sophisticated and reliable water purification and supply is a crucial condition for health and the prevention of epidemics all over the world.

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The Water Regulation Information System – A Suitable Instrument to Monitor the Progressive Realization of the Human Right to Water and Sanitation

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The Water Services Regulatory Board (WASREB), as Regulator, is mandated to ensure that consumers are protected and have access to efficient, adequate, affordable and sustainable services. For that purpose, WASREB, inter alia, monitors, evaluates and reports on the performance of Water Service Providers (WSPs) – utilities – and Water Services Boards (WSBs) – asset holders – in providing adequate water services to the consumer, using the Water Regulation Information System (WARIS) as its main data source. The latter is a database application software which helps WASREB to collect up-to-date technical, financial, personnel, commercial and general information on WSPs and WSBs, allowing for effective regulatory decision-making as well as public reporting by the Regulator on sector performance via the annual IMPACT Report. More broadly, it helps to inform policy making, planning and implementation towards improving service levels and the extending formal services to all Kenyans.

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Empowering Rural Communities Through Groundwater Development: Case Study of the Embera Indians, Panama

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The Embera Indians of Panama’s remote southern Darien Province face daunting challenges with respect to safe drinking water. The isolation of their villages – near the Colombian border, with no roads to the outside world – exacerbates their plight. To assist the Embera in their efforts to acquire potable water and the knowledge to obtain it themselves, a team from the USA nonprofit Lifewater International was invited to assess the situation, make recommendations and, if feasible, initiate training for the Embera in well drilling, well completion, and pump installation and repair.

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Woodlands for drinking water: an efficient way to produce cheap, high quality drinking water.

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 This solution defines good forest management practices that will contribute to high quality drinking water production. Forest managers’ undertakings for drinking water offer an efficient way to produce cheap, high quality drinking water under contract. Maintaining plant cover and soil protection, extensive management, low nitrate content in the water leaching into the ground, purifying functions and natural image: foresters have every reason to take pride in their role in preserving clean drinking water resources – a role that deserves to be given greater prominence.

 

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Water Consumers Associations – viable management structure for rural water supply in Moldova

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The stakeholder’s driver was the need of the people to have access to safe drinking water and also the necessity to identify and constitute a proper mechanism /institution that will ensure the operation and maintenance of the system, providing high quality service. Water consumers’ associations are non-profit, non-governmental, apolitical civic organizations formed by free will of the associated persons in order to provide water supply and sanitation services. Decentralized model of water supply services was developed and proved as a viable option in 20 villages (approx. 10000 households and over 34.000 inhabitants). All systems implemented since 2002 are managed locally through water consumers associations (WCAs) and are well-functioning. Through increased access to water, hygiene and living conditions in rural areas reached a higher level (installation of boilers, automatic washing machines, and in-house showers). The WCAs manage not only to operate and maintain, but also to improve the systems (installation of additional water meters, monitoring of the water yield) and expand the organization’s activity area.

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Transparence et contrôle de la gestion publique : la régie municipale « Eau de Paris » et son contrat d’objectifs

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Suite aux élections municipales du printemps 2008, la Ville de Paris a décidé de créer un nouveau service public de l’eau pour offrir aux Parisiennes et aux Parisiens une eau de la meilleure qualité au meilleur coût. Cette réorganisation a mis fin à un système complexe et opaque vieux de vingt-cinq ans qui ne permettait pas à la collectivité d’avoir la parfaite maîtrise de son service et d’en garantir la pleine efficacité. C’est ainsi que la Ville de Paris a créé la Régie Municipale Eau de Paris.

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Photovoltaic Pumping Systems in Rural Water Supply – Field Experiences, new Trends, and Applications

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While handpumps are the least cost option to supply small communities, photovoltaic pumping systems would in many instances be the least life-cycle cost option to supply larger rural communities in developing countries.

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Analysis of the processes of elaboration and review of regulatory values for drinking water quality

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The study analyzes and compares the existing standards concerning the physico-chemical and microbiological parameters of drinking water (excluding bottle water) and their elaboration processes. It aims to show whether there is consistency between the different normative frameworks in the process of elaboration and revision of values. It allows highlighting the similarities and inconsistencies between these values ​​and their elaboration methods.

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The Kayes region, Mali –agricultural water management tools for farmers’ organizations

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In the region of Kayes (Mali), access to water for agricultural and domestic uses involves the development and management of various water control systems. Thus agricultural water management systems have been built in the region, like small dams, but without management committee responsible for the maintenance of these systems.

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Report on the cost of agricultural pollution of water: from curative to preventive measures through best practices

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In France, industrial pollution of water has sharply decrease during the last 40 years, but in the meantime, agricultural pollution seems to have increase. Although this evolution has motivated new commitments (the Grenelle for instance), the situation remains problematic: it is already clear that good status of French waters will not be reach by 2015.

 

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