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Ethiopia’s Water Resource Development Fund to provide financing to municipal utilities

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The Government of Ethiopia created WRDF (Water Resources Development Fund) in 2002, as a semi-autonomous body on the behalf of the Ministry of Water Resources, to promote the development of viable W&S services throughout the country. WRDF provides loans to the municipal utilities to help them undertake projects on a cost recovery basis.

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Human capacity enhancement for smallholder irrigation enhanced farming systems

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Ethiopia plans to greatly expand irrigated agriculture but expertise is over-stretched at all levels of irrigated agriculture. Diverse stakeholders trained and/or advised in development and improvement of irrigation enhanced farming systems including: communities in management of large scale smallholder irrigation schemes; university curricula and resources for under-graduate and graduate education; extension capacity and methodology for more effective work with smallholders; collaborative research for irrigated crop production; in-service training and guidance of irrigation engineers.

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Community Managed Project (CMP) approach to implement rural water services

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Financial innovation: The key feature of CMP approach is that funds – also finance grant  (subsidy) –  are  transferred directly to communities via a micro-finance institution as well as communities for carrying project management responsibilities for physical implementation of water schemes all the way from the beginning.

Communities are participating in the projects financially too: they collect cash money in the accounts in a micro-finance institute for implementation and for O&M and they participate in implementation also by providing materials and manpower. The vital part of CMP approach is the public auditing, which takes place immediately after implementation and in certain intervals afterwards. When communities are managing their own projects and district authorities are only supervising and controlling the implementation and when the Water, Sanitation and Health Committees (WASHCOs) selected by the communities to take care of the projects are really responsible to communities through public auditing meetings, the sustainablity of services  are much better than earlier

 

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