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ONE DROP’s tripod approach as a means to fight poverty by supporting access to water in developing countries

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Our projects are carried out using a tripod approach, which is made up of three complementary components aimed at fighting poverty: (1) to raise the population’s awareness through social  arts and popular education, (2) to improve access to water, responsible management of said resource and sanitation, and (3) to grant microcredits.The water management component involves various measures. First, improving access to water by protecting and/or rebuilding/building structures to be used as a water source, and also through rainwater harvesting . Second, developing family gardens (drip irrigation systems).

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Towards Mainstream Sustainable livelihood by way of Optimal Use of Water for Food Security through medhbandhan (field bunding) under MGNREGS in Tribal District, Mandla (Madhya Pradesh)

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 The model offers an Integrated Agriculture Solution with Infrastructural Support for Sustainable Livelihoods through decentralized Small Scale Surface Water Harvesting Structure. The solution (field bunding) is a continuous activity having annual targets and budget: once field bunds are constructed, clear boundary demarcation in turn reduces conflict among farmers + they can hold the run off rain water for their paddy crop. Sustainable solutions since these are permanent structures, with minor maintenance work has needed from beneficiaries (+ very cheap (Rs 6000/ per acre and  manually operated with little technical inputs). To promote this, awareness camps at Gram Panchayat level and field bunding work were organized. It started in 2009: two hundred and eighty two employees were engaged in organising these camps and 117585 eligible farmers were identified. Two years later, 104573 households  benefited. The District collector has conceptualized the whole set of activities and set a time frame for it and created a pool of resources (e.g. a land treated under MNREGA provides employment to the farm owner as well as other labourers residing in his village). The work executed through the district administration got the cooperation of Sarpanch/ PRIs and other grassroots level functionaries

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The Arab Water Forum, a platform for addressing regional priorities, identifying solutions and commitments

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The solution developed consensus that Food security is essential for political, social and economic stability in the Arab countries and is strongly linked to water security. Agriculture will continue to be a major component of the regional economy, providing jobs as well as food security.

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Ecosystem for life: A Bangladesh India Initiative

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Bangladesh is a riverine country having 310 rivers including large and small types of which 57 are international rivers, 54 coming from India and 3 from Myanmar. It is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain in-stream flow requirement essential for the maintenance of river ecology and aquatic habitat necessary for the healthy life cycle of plants and animals. The situation appears to be becoming even more serious with climate change. At the same time flood plain river banks, developed from recent deposits consisting mostly silt and fine sand are highly susceptible to erosion. As a result, the river channels often shifts within wide range of river bed. In addition, annually, they consume several thousand hectares of flood plain land leaving thousands of people homeless and damaging or destroying essential infrastructures.

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Planning small reservoirs for enhanced livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa

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This solution has both a technical/infrastructural and an institutional component. The solution revolves around an integrated planning of small reservoirs for enhancing multiple livelihoods of small-holders farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. Small reservoirs (e.g. earth dams of less than 10 meters high) impound surface water flows and buffer against extreme weather events and changing climatic patterns. They procure a much needed source of water for millions of small holders in rural areas.

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Apoyo a la los pequeños agricultores con el fin de mejorar la gestión de agua para la agricultura

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La solución ha sido a nivel comunitario, basado en un Plan de Cogestión que encierra diferentes tipos de soluciones que garantizan sostenibilidad y sustentabilidad, siendo éstas de tipo, organizativo, productivo, ambiental,  jurídico y de negociación.  Entre ellas las que señalamos ampliamente en el acápite anterior.  Además de  que las mujeres y comunidades sean propietarias de la fuente de agua, garantizando la legalización a través de un proceso de negociación con la alcaldía, Comunidad Indígena y el propietario privado de los terrenos donde está ubicada la fuente de agua.

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What role humanity can play in Sharing water (Sri Lanka)

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Giant reservoir scheme is located at the RB tail end of Malwatu Oya river basin. The entire irrigable area under this scheme was almost abandoned during the civil war (nearly twenty five years- from 1985 to 2009). The displaced group belongs to the minority ethnic group. When in 2009 peace restored in the area, farmers started to resettle in their original lands and started cultivations. The first paddy yield was due in Jan 2010. However due to shortage of rainfall in the basin the reservoir did not get replenished , the vital water issues towards the end of the season was not possible. The entire cultivation of about 1000 ha was facing threat for failure.

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Advocacy on control of water (Philippines)

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There is a need to raise agriculture productivity (i.e. by achieving rice self-sufficiency) to secure a stable food supply at the local and national level in response to the food crisis. This rests upon reversing current trends in irrigation expenditures in the Philippines. For example, out of the total serviced areas (half of the hectares potentially irrigable), only about 24% are effectively irrigated because of system deterioration, lack of maintenance and routine rehabilitation and other institutional problems.

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Improvement of water and land productivity on the basis of developing and promoting efficient technologies, adopted for use and dissemination by means of interaction between different organizations of water and agricultural sectors

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A special attention was paid to food security solution in the region already at the beginning of the 1990s, when each of Central Asian states became independent and determined its political and economic strategy. Uzbekistan chose the way of economic independence and went over to reorientation of agrarian policy – from cotton monocropping to food production, first of all wheat. 

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Ethical Water Stock Exchange

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The solution is a platform, the Ethical Water Exchange, to facilitate the organization and financing of sanitation via matchings of treated water demands or commitments for sustainable productions or for nature or for a good energy impact e.g. sludge gas or reduction of the interdependence between water & energy consumed to pump groundwater.

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