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Transboundary Aquifer Assessment along the United States-Mexico Border as an Opportunity for Water Cooperation

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The solution involves the Joint Cooperative Framework established by the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) that operates at the border between Mexico and the United States.  This cooperative framework has enabled a binational transboundary aquifer assessment effort involving federal and state agencies as well as universities from both countries.  Due to the framework and the resulting collaborative approach, assessment efforts will be coordinated and recognized by both countries.

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Knowledge Networking for Sustainable Groundwater Management in the Asia Pacific Region

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Asia-Pacific Regional Knowledgehub for Groundwater Management is one of the water hubs under the Asia Pacific Water Forum. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) serving as the groundwater hub aims to promote research, capacity building and knowledge networking to realize equitable and sustainable use and protection of groundwater resources in the region . IGES has been conducting studies on groundwater issues in both urban and rural areas of the region, and is building expertise for groundwater management in collaboration with its partners.  The hub operates by connecting and bringing together stakeholders including experts, government, NGO, INGOs, educational institutes and others engaged and interested in sustainable development of the groundwater resources.

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Empowering Rural Communities Through Groundwater Development: Case Study of the Embera Indians, Panama

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The Embera Indians of Panama’s remote southern Darien Province face daunting challenges with respect to safe drinking water. The isolation of their villages – near the Colombian border, with no roads to the outside world – exacerbates their plight. To assist the Embera in their efforts to acquire potable water and the knowledge to obtain it themselves, a team from the USA nonprofit Lifewater International was invited to assess the situation, make recommendations and, if feasible, initiate training for the Embera in well drilling, well completion, and pump installation and repair.

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Building on Practice – Local Groundwater Management in Yemen

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Water-wise,Yemenis most commonly identified with scarce resources and arid landscapes. Less known are its longstanding users-led water management systems. The ingenuity and efficiency of these systems was such that they the country could meet its food/ water needs for about 1000 years, despite its climate and geography.  TheWaterChannel created a video series called ‘Building on Practice,’ documenting case studies in local water management from Yemen.

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Using Treated Wastewater of Jericho Plant for Artificial Recharge of Alluvial Deposits Aquifer, Jericho-Palestine

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The solution aim at improve the water quality and quantity of the Alluvial Deposits Aquifer in Jericho by adapting a Pilot project for artificial recharge by using the treated wastewater of Jericho Plant that will be constructed and operated in 2013.

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Jyotigram- an electricity grid restructuring in Gujarat

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The problem of uncontrolled use of ground water reserves is coupled with use of electricity in India.  Like other Indian states it is estimated that half of all electricity in Gujarat was used to pump groundwater.  The government’s large subsidy for electricity for agriculture has encouraged the monumental rate of groundwater withdrawal and large power consumption.

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Cyclic Storage Systems for Conjunctive Use of Surface and Groundwater Systems

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As suitable sites for surface reservoir are becoming a limiting factor, disregarding potential storage capacity of groundwater aquifers as a complementary alternative to surface reservoirs has increased the socio- economical problems associated with water resources development.

In a conjunctive use plan, defined demands may be satisfied employing both surface and groundwater systems. Cyclic storage as an efficient approach to conjunctive use, defines an interactive operational loop between surface and groundwater sub-systems to satisfy the demands.

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Risk management institution for groundwater resources.

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In the arid and semi-arid areas, the overexploitation of groundwater leads to the continuous drop of groundwater level, which will cause a series of ecological and environmental problems. The groundwater risk management (GRM) for sustainable development can effectively alleviate these problems.

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Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (FMGS)

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Groundwater in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India is tapped through about 2.2 million wells. The state islargely underlain by hard-rocks, where well-yields are low and determined by thickness of the weathered and fractured zones of the country rock. The rainfall and aquifer characteristics vary within short distances. Additionally, the footprint of food (rice cultivation) on water resulted in depletion of groundwater table. The Central Groundwater Board (CGWB) classified 175 (15.5%) mandals (blocks) as Semi-critical, 77 (7%) as Critical and 219 (19.5%) as Over-exploited out of total 1125 (total 47%). The state-sponsored legislations, regulating groundwater use, proved to be very difficult to enforce, simply because the number of wells outnumber the number staff hired by enforcing agencies.

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Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (FAMGS)

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Groundwater in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India is tapped through about 2.2 million wells. The state is largely underlain by hard-rocks, where well-yields are low and determined by thickness of the weathered and fractured zones of the country rock. The rainfall and aquifer characteristics vary within short distances. Additionally, the footprint of food (rice cultivation) on water resulted in depletion of groundwater table. 47% of the state’s area is currently facing water stress. The Central Groundwater Board (CGWB) classified 175 (15.5%) mandals (blocks) as Semi-critical, 77 (7%) as Critical and 219 (19.5%) as Over-exploited out of total 1125 mandals. The state-sponsored legislations, regulating groundwater use, proved to be very difficult to enforce, simply because the number of wells outnumbered the number staff hired by enforcing agencies.

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