This work has been developed in collaboration with the NGO Action Against Hunger– Spain (Acción Contra el Hambre – España ACF–E). Since 2007, ACF-E is fighting food insecurity in Mauritania with the development of vegetables gardens run by women’s cooperatives. The vegetables produced are used to complement the diet of the population, mostly based on crops cultivated during the raining period (from June to September). This complement is particularly important when the grain stocks are being depleted, from February to the new harvest. Moreover, vegetables are a source of vitamins which can not been found otherwise in the daily diet of the population.
A Maurice, la grande majorité des terres fertiles est consacrée à la culture intensive de la canne à sucre, pour produire et vendre le sucre à l’export. Cependant, alors que les terres sont rares et de plus en plus chères, et que le pays connait l’une des plus fortes densité démographiques au monde, la sécurité alimentaire de ce petit pays du sud-ouest de l’océan Indien dépend dans une large mesure des importations de l’étranger.
The company intends to offer investors to participate for up to 30 year duration with separate investment plans as well as invite all countries that borders to, or are a part of Sahara to participate in the joint effort needed to fertilize, irrigate and the work needed to plant grass, bushes and trees prior to agriculture.
The Water Project Toolkit addresses the sustainable development of the water sector and contributes to translating the international development policies on freshwater resources management into actual development cooperation activities. The Water Project Toolkit is intended to be used by sector stakeholders such as governments, private sector, civil society, development partners, Universities and other training institutions, international organisations and all other practitioners involved in the water sector.
Moistube Sub-Surface Slow Release Irrigation, save 60% water more than drip irrigation, a good choice for desert or acid district agriculture, landcape, garden irrigation
Plants absorb moisture by a cycle of transpiration (the loss of water) and absorption of moisture through the roots by osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water molecules through a selectively-permeable membrane. At the core of the technology in the Moistube family of products is an inner membrane that simulates the properties of plant tissue and feeding roots. This membrane releases water at a rate consistent with a plants’ ability to ingest it in a manner very similar to osmosis.
In order to reduce abstraction, the regional policy makers decided to negotiate a compact defining how to deal with overexploitation. This negotiated process took almost one year in order to define rights and obligations for farmers and the many institutions involved in the project.
Low cost greywater treatment and use in irrigation for poverty reduction in rural areas of water scarce countries in the MENA Region
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region is facing chronic water scarcity, which is very severe in some countries such as Jordan and Yemen. INWRDAM had been involved since February 2000 in greywater research activities in Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen. Houses in rural areas in the MENA region are usually simple and this makes it possible to separate greywater from black water with minimal modification of sewer pipes inside the house. In 2000 INWRDAM conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the potential for greywater reuse in rural areas of Jordan.
SIRRIMED project will address issues related to sustainable use of water in Mediterranean irrigated agricultural systems, with the overall aim of optimizing irrigation water use. The approach proposed in SIRRIMED for reaching this goal will be based in an Integrated Water Irrigation Management (IWIM) where the improved water use efficiency will be considered at farm, irrigation district and watershed scales. These strategies include innovative and more efficient irrigation techniques afor improving water productivity and allow savings in water consumption.
The idea of solar pumps and solar driven handpumps is to replace fueldriven pumps for drinkingwater, irrigation and cattle watering : less production costs, more revenues (e.g. vegetable growing), climate change adaptation, green production. Several advantages are generated by solar driven pumps : less production costs, more production and revenues for small farmers, better health through better and more water, multiple use of solar moduels, e.g. for waterpumping and battery charging, multiple revenues and better payback of investment.