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IMPORTANCE OF THE IRRIGATION RELATED MEASURES ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE AND AGRICULTURE

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In order to combat these negative effects, the main measures on irrigation proposed are control of water withdrawals, reviewing and readapting water licenses, on-farm storage, define the conditions to use groundwater, modernization of irrigation, control the water effluents after-irrigation, water reuse and good farming practices. In short, the key is to develop win-win measures with the participation of stakeholders to ensure their success, where the cost to users reverts also in greater economic efficiency of farms, without forgetting they have to reach the environmental objectives.

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Increase water use efficiency (10-15%) by 2020 raising up irrigation efficiency

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At the tecnical level, the solution is to raise up irrigation efficiency and to reduce water losses by using closed irrigation systems instead of using lining and flumes for irrigation canals. At the institutional level,  Iraq had promoted water users associations  so that  farmers have a role in water management and to learn how to use high-tech irrigation systems  and to raise awareness in how to use water  and preserve water

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