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Livelihood security through integrated water resource management

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Karezes are indigenous sub-surface water management structures and the only source of water for irrigation and human needs in the remote, mountainous drylands of Balochistan, Pakistan. The reduced influx of water due to clogged channels and conveyance losses was a huge factor in low productivity and food insecurity in Qila Iskan Khan village, forcing the villagers to migrate to other areas in search of livelihood.

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Implementing IWRM in iraki Kurdistan: Greater Zab river basin

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This project is a first step to a new approach to integrated water resource management : the French Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry is supporting the Kurdish government by funding through a grant an IWRM project for the Greater Zab river basin with a view to providing Kurdish institutions with territorial decision-making tools which they are currently lacking. Local Water Committees will be set up in each of the 19 Greater Zab sub basins in Kurdistan Region which will be in charge of preparing a Sub Basin Water Scheme, a local adaptation of the Plan for Water Management and Development. As of now, after a technical and institutional diagnosis of water management in the basin, the project has prepared an action plan for sustainable water resource development.

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Integrated Management of Trans-boundary Rivers applying IWRM concept.

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The Surma-Kushiyara-Meghna River Sub-basin is located in the north-eastern part of Bangladesh. The basin is characterized by high population density, high level of poverty, low yield and water productivity, acute shortage of potable water in all dry season (Feb- May) and low fish production. To improve food and water security and improve food and water security and improve quality of life of the people living within the basin integrated management of the trans-boundary river has become essential.

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Transboundary IWRM

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Lessons learned from project preparation for Lake Chad Basin Commission  and technical assistance to Congo Basin Commission and Rajasthan (India) planning and implementation of IWRM (Integrated Water Resources Management) solutions.

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The ecosystem approach – a step-wise process to IWRM implementation

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The “ecosystem approach” is a strategy for integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. Meeting people’s needs is a central element of the ecosystem approach that aims to: i) maintain ecosystem functions and services; ii) enhance equitable sharing of benefits; iii) promote adaptive management strategies; iv) implement management actions through decentralization; v) foster inter-sectoral  and inter-disciplinary cooperation.

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Integrated Water Resource Management Approaches to Support Disaster Risk Reduction

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As a global thematic platform of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), PEDRR seeks to promote and scale-up implementation of ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction and ensure it is mainstreamed in development planning at global, national and local levels, in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action. It is an inter-disciplinary learning which can reduce traction time from planning to on-the-ground implementation and help countries prioritise DRR objectives in water work.

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Integrated water resources management and modernization tools and methods

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In a context of old and heterogeneous buried canals having to collectively share the ressource and face scarcity, the members of the water rights management commission were led to set an innovative framework to improve water management and progress in participatory optimal water allocation. Saving water is indeed possible when resources issues are well monitored and anticipated, when workforce for on site control is increased and water withdrawal techniques are properly implemented and monitored.

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Integrated Water Resource Management: Nature as a solution

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Implementation of IWRM is practical and achievable. The key is a two-track strategy where IWRM planning is complemented by pilot actions demonstrating results that address local to national priorities. IWRM demonstrations use learning-by-doing to innovate and adapt water resources management actions, tools and technologies. Concrete results and lessons learned are fed back, to build confidence and anchor basin and national policies and planning in knowledge of what works. Coalitions of beneficiaries, water advocates and leaders join forces within political realities to catalyze change in institutions that enable practical implementation of IWRM plans.

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GUIDELINES ON USE OF COLLABORATIVE MODELING TO IMPLEMENT IWRM

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An international group of federal, university, private sector practitioners and researchers has prepared guidelines and case studies for using collaborative modeling for decision support as a tool for implementing Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Shared Vision Planning (the US Army Corps’ version of Collaborative Modeling) has been used by the Corps and others over the last twenty years to integrate systems modeling, structured participation, and traditional water resources planning into a practical forum for decision making.

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Collaborative Global Water Model: Shared understanding of scarce global freshwater resources

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We propose to commence an international collaborative modeling effort to make visible and interconnect basic global freshwater trends and regional differences (and tradeoffs). This is a proposed collaboration among scientists/practitioners who use collaborative/mediate/participatory/shared model building in Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). To the extent possible, we aim to involve policy and decision makers in the process of model building to ensure relevance and uptake of this model as a communication tool. We intend to scale up our understanding of IWRM to assess, integrate and communicate social, economic and ecological trends in a user-friendly modeling framework (Vensim), relevant to decision makers at global level (similar to what C-roads aimed to achieve in the global Climate Change debate). We contribute to the global dialogue on freshwater resources by summarizing and interlinking key trends (from existing, detailed models and data bases) and develop a “simple” simulation model based on system dynamics. We think that this initiative complements existing specialized models with an emphasis on (1) a collaborative/participatory approach to model building (2) translation of science to improve communication between scientists and policy/decision makers and (3) integration of social, economic and ecological perspectives.

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