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The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention): a legal framework to promote cooperation on transboundary surface and groundwaters and strengthen their protection and sustainable use.

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The Water Convention is the only international framework Convention addressing transboundary water management which is currently in force. Adopted in 1992 and into force since 1996, it aims to strengthen measures at the national and transboundary levels, to protect and ensure the quantity and quality of transboundary water resources — both surface waters and groundwaters, with the overarching objective of resources sustainability.

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Community empowerment based approach of ensuring responsiveness and accountability of the Government Agencies to implement the water and sanitation commitments to the marginalized communities in India.

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The solution demonstrates a systematic process of empowering people to hold Govt. accountable for the WATSAN commitments made through Laws, Policies, Sector Plans, Programmes which are rooted into the country’s constitutional framework.  The solution being presented is an over arching one that has legal, institutional, policy and communication dimensions.  This solution has huge potential to address WASH sector governance problem which is the root cause and major source of various other problems deterring the progress on WATSAN goals.

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Comunnication for the promotion of the human right to access water in costa rican law: policital incidence and public information (Costa Rica, Central American).

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The Costa Rican population has limited knowledge about the meaning of water as a human right. Threats to both ecosystem and hydric resource are not weighted in everyday life of individuals or their communities. Thus it is necessary to advance educative and informative actions in order to make people aware of the issues involved and the urgency of a new law to regulate the hydric resource and its access.

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Guaranteed access to safety water for all

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For most countries, the lack of explicit reference to a right to water in the national legislation necessitates creativity in enforcing the right through the courts. In many such countries, cases have been brought under environmental or public health legislation or courts have interpreted the right to water under other constitutional rights, such as the right to life or a healthy environment. In India, where the right to water is not enshrined as a fundamental right in the national Constitution, courts at both state and federal level have interpreted Article 21 of the Constitution, the right to life, as encompassing the right to safe and sufficient water and sanitation.

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Social learning in Brazilian watersheds

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Brazil has embedded the socio-ecological learning process in the participatory management of river basin councils through its “sister laws” on water and the environment. GITHIDRO or, Grupo Transdisciplinar de Pesquisas em Governança da Água e do Território/ Tecnologias Sociais para a Gestão da Água (TSGA) a transdisciplinary group of researchers at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, took these laws and developed new interpretations of socio-ecological learning. They incorporated an ethical component and a dynamic and complex program of participatory “cycles of learning” that brought committees and communities to a common understanding of socio-ecological processes, laws, and potential for collective action. Using resilience theory as a framework for understanding how to sustain and enhance adaptive capacity” (Folke et al 2002), this solution analyzes the processes of socio-ecological learning, including focus groups, physical dynamics that blend the conceptual with the physical, visioning, socio-ecological mapping, project planning and community celebrations through interviews, meeting notes, and written documents of the six case studies. The potential for socio-ecological learning as a tool for building the capacity of watershed basin committees to plan and implement projects is substantiated as an important tool for building the resilience of the combined system

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Making WASH rights a reality for the poor and excluded

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Increase the capacity, resources and voice of civil society ‘policy communities’, including marginalized groups, to participate in effective and inclusive evidence based dialogue with decision-makers in the water and sanitation arena and build pressure to secure pro-poor service delivery.

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International Convention and Regional Agreements in Central Asia

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Readiness for assessment of possibilities to join International Water  Conventions and elaboration on their basis of draft agreements on transboundary water courses;     2. Initiation of the dialogue between the Central Asian states on development of mutually acceptable rules and guidelines for water resources management on the basis of the principles of the International law and provisions of regional agreements.

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Environmental flows elements to support water legislation

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A special attention was paid to the barriers to achieve operationalization of environmental flows. These obstacles identified were checked with the Peruvian law to analyze if changes or specifications in the acts could lead to a better and more effective implementation. As a result of this analysis a list of nine elements were obtained as relevant to consider in water laws and acts to  make viable the implementation   and operationalization of environmental flows. 

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Assess right to water with national human rights bodies

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The French Water Academy performed a critical analysis of the implementation of the right to water and sanitation in France and submitted its findings to the National Committee on Human Rights which concluded that the French law should be revised. The suggestions of the National Committee are circulated by Government for discussion and action.

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Delivering water and sanitation services to the poorest areas of Cartagena de Indias by using adapted customer service solutions

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To ensure full water distribution coverage while keeping pace with the high flow of migrants arriving to the poorest neighborhoods at the outskirts of the city, Aguas de Cartagena decided to implement a range of innovative solutions for sustainable commercial management, among others:
-          The “Mobile office service
-          The “Social management of suspended users
-          A cross-subsidization model for water tariffs

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