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Multiple use and benefit sharing around reservoirs with local populations in West Africa

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Overall, five approaches can be considered to address the challenges of equitable and sustainable sharing of benefits with local communities around reservoirs in West Africa.

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Allocation of water for multiple use by means of water rights allocation for hydropower (DRDH)

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Historically, in Brazil, water resources management has been associated with the electric-power sector. Up until 1997, it was the National Water and Electric Energy Department (DNAEE) that issued licenses for the use of water from rivers under federal jurisdiction.  Though this sector is well organized and can claim credit for Brazil’s clean energy mix, there was little concern for multiple use. With enactment of Law 9433, of 1997, multiple use became one of the cornerstones of Brazil’s water-resources management policy. At first, issuing water use licenses was in charge of the Secretariat for Water Resources of the Ministry of Environment (SRH/MMA) and subsequently in 2000 of ANA. In 2003, ANA instituted specific licenses for the electric-power sector, known as “Declaração de Reserva de Disponibilidade Hídrica” (DRDHs), or Water Rights allocation for hydropower, which allocate flows to the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (ANEEL).

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