In order to reduce abstraction, the regional policy makers decided to negotiate a compact defining how to deal with overexploitation. This negotiated process took almost one year in order to define rights and obligations for farmers and the many institutions involved in the project.
A study in Kerala conducted by the Kerala Pollution Control Board in association with the SEU on the bacteriological quality of dug wells in Kerala observed that “water in none of the open dug wells investigated is of drinking water quality standards” as prescribed by Bureau of India Standard. Since Kerala is the only place in the world having highest density of open dug well (250 per sq.km) and 50% of population used this as the only source of water for drinking. In this situation, the Government of Kerala along with other stakeholders including NGOs, take stock of the situation in order to mitigate the acute shortage of drinking water.