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Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (FMGS)

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Groundwater in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India is tapped through about 2.2 million wells. The state islargely underlain by hard-rocks, where well-yields are low and determined by thickness of the weathered and fractured zones of the country rock. The rainfall and aquifer characteristics vary within short distances. Additionally, the footprint of food (rice cultivation) on water resulted in depletion of groundwater table. The Central Groundwater Board (CGWB) classified 175 (15.5%) mandals (blocks) as Semi-critical, 77 (7%) as Critical and 219 (19.5%) as Over-exploited out of total 1125 (total 47%). The state-sponsored legislations, regulating groundwater use, proved to be very difficult to enforce, simply because the number of wells outnumber the number staff hired by enforcing agencies.

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Farmer Managed Groundwater Systems (FAMGS)

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Groundwater in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India is tapped through about 2.2 million wells. The state is largely underlain by hard-rocks, where well-yields are low and determined by thickness of the weathered and fractured zones of the country rock. The rainfall and aquifer characteristics vary within short distances. Additionally, the footprint of food (rice cultivation) on water resulted in depletion of groundwater table. 47% of the state’s area is currently facing water stress. The Central Groundwater Board (CGWB) classified 175 (15.5%) mandals (blocks) as Semi-critical, 77 (7%) as Critical and 219 (19.5%) as Over-exploited out of total 1125 mandals. The state-sponsored legislations, regulating groundwater use, proved to be very difficult to enforce, simply because the number of wells outnumbered the number staff hired by enforcing agencies.

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SARAR: Self-esteem / Associative strengths / Resourcefulness / Action planning / Responsibility

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Our solution is the incorporation of the SARAR Participatory Education Methodology into the training of human resources and the promotion and structuring of community-based programs. The development of human resources is at the core of sustainable development. People and communities that are empowered with the necessary knowledge and skills will be the architects of their own development and be able to confront a diverse set of challenges in a rapidly changing social, economic and environmental landscape.

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