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Strategic Basin Planning

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Strategic basin planning can be defined as a coherent multi-disciplinary approach to managing basin water resources and its users in order to identify and satisfy social, economic and environmental priorities. This approach is characterised by:

  • Trade-offs between alternative economic, social and environmental objectives. These trade-offs are not simply technical issues, but require broader societal, economic and biodiversity considerations.
  • Sophisticated understanding of environmental requirements: planning that recognises the importance of aquatic ecosystem functioning in providing goods and services for social and economic development. This considers issues such as flow regulation, flood attenuation, sediment-geomorphology maintenance and water quality assimilation services.
  • Understanding basin interactions, including a range of hydrological, ecological, social and economic systems and activities at work within a basin.
  • Robust scenario-based analysis: planning that addresses uncertainty in future development and climate by assessing the challenges and opportunities associated with alternative hydro-economic scenarios.
  • Prioritisation: planning that identifies the key priorities within the basin, whether in terms of the needs for economic development, social justice or environmental protection. This prioritisation is inherently a social and political decision.

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Implementing IWRM in iraki Kurdistan: Greater Zab river basin

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This project is a first step to a new approach to integrated water resource management : the French Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry is supporting the Kurdish government by funding through a grant an IWRM project for the Greater Zab river basin with a view to providing Kurdish institutions with territorial decision-making tools which they are currently lacking. Local Water Committees will be set up in each of the 19 Greater Zab sub basins in Kurdistan Region which will be in charge of preparing a Sub Basin Water Scheme, a local adaptation of the Plan for Water Management and Development. As of now, after a technical and institutional diagnosis of water management in the basin, the project has prepared an action plan for sustainable water resource development.

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Making Basic Water Services happen – The South African experience in achieving the water MDG.

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An extensive water services programme supported by political commitment and resources has enabled South Africa to achieve its MDG target (of halving the water backlog by 2015) in 2005, and to now chase universal access to water services by 2014.

The programme was initiated by the Department for Water Affairs with the core delivery taking place via local municipalities. A national priority reflected in the country’s Constitution, the programme has now been revised and extended to address critical current issues such as service levels, schemes viability, urbanisation and informal settlements.

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GUIDELINES ON USE OF COLLABORATIVE MODELING TO IMPLEMENT IWRM

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An international group of federal, university, private sector practitioners and researchers has prepared guidelines and case studies for using collaborative modeling for decision support as a tool for implementing Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). Shared Vision Planning (the US Army Corps’ version of Collaborative Modeling) has been used by the Corps and others over the last twenty years to integrate systems modeling, structured participation, and traditional water resources planning into a practical forum for decision making.

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