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Conceptual Framework for Assessing Water Use in Hydropower Generation

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There is increasing global attention to the relationship between water use, water consumption and water loss  and energy generation and a few studies have started to try to quantify this.  A review of the literature on water use associated with energy has indicated that no coherent approach or terminology has been proposed or consistently applied to this issue. Very often numbers are used or quoted outside of the context in which they were originally developed.  This has shown to produce particularly distorted water consumption figures for hydropower, since the water use of this electricity type source is very complex.  Reservoir size and uses, climatic conditions, operating regimes and stakeholder agreements all vary from project to project and have an impact on value and significance of the local evaporation for the catchment.

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Establish a Platform for Policy-Makers to Facilitate Exchange on Water and Energy Practices

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To recognise the increasing importance of the nexus between water, energy and food and to ensure that policies are integrated and not made in silos, policy-makers from all three sectors will be brought together to form a platform for exchange.  Interaction will materialize through a number of regular physical meetings.  Further to this, a collection of existing mechanisms will be put together to inform the meetings as well as the session at the 7th World Water Forum.  Best practice mechanisms will be shared where appropriate.

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Evaluation Framework for Energy Impacts on Water

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The objective of the process over the next three years is development of a conceptual and analytical framework (and subsequent tool/s) for assessing and reporting the impact of energy services on water, noting that this must be comprehensive, coherent, consistent and applicable across all energy sources/technologies.

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SMART Centres providing essential support services for mainstreaming WASH self supply in Africa

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Connect International together with other organizations will introduce ‘SMART Centres’ in 4 to 6 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. SMART Centres will provide the ‘essential support services’ needed to sustain and mainstream WASH self supply in the involved countries (e.g. advocacy, awareness creation, capacity building, help desk and emergency assistance to/among intermediate target groups, provision of management information software systems, start capital for finance institutes for low cost WASH self supply credits)

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