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Water- a basic human right of the poor

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The water supply for each person must be sufficient and continuous for personal and domestic uses. These uses ordinarily include drinking, personal sanitation, washing of clothes, food preparation, personal and household hygiene. The quantity of water available for each person should correspond to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. The water required for each personal or domestic use must be safe, therefore free from micro-organisms, chemical substances and radiological hazards that constitute a threat to a person’s health. Furthermore, water should be of an acceptable colour, odour and taste for each personal or domestic use.

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Public Interest Litigations (PIL) for the realization of Right to WASH in Schools – an Indian experience

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There were several examples of court orders based on Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed in High Courts and Supreme Courts of India by civil society organizations in order to ensure the basic right of the child such as safe drinking water and sanitation facilities under preview of Right to Education (RTE). The Supreme Court of India on 18th Oct. 2011 directed all states and union territories to build toilets, particularly for girls, in all government schools by the end of November. A bench headed by Justice D K Jain asked all the governments to take immediate steps regarding this and file their compliance report before the deadline fixed by it.

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