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L’accès à l’eau et à l’assainissement pour tous : rendre effectif un droit essentiel, les actions de la Ville de Paris

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La problématique du droit à l’eau touche deux types de publics dans Paris : des personnes en difficulté pour régler leurs charges de logement dont leur facture d’eau et des personnes n’ayant pas d’accès à l’eau (sans domiciles fixes, gens du voyage, squatteurs). En traitant de façon spécifique ces différentes cibles grâce à une maîtrise complète du service de l’eau, la Ville de Paris offre des dispositifs d’aides au logement adaptées pour l’eau reposant sur une bonne connaissance des situations des foyers et développe dans la rue des solutions d’accès à l’eau, à l’assainissement et à l’hygiène tout au long de l’année.

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Water- a basic human right of the poor

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The water supply for each person must be sufficient and continuous for personal and domestic uses. These uses ordinarily include drinking, personal sanitation, washing of clothes, food preparation, personal and household hygiene. The quantity of water available for each person should correspond to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. The water required for each personal or domestic use must be safe, therefore free from micro-organisms, chemical substances and radiological hazards that constitute a threat to a person’s health. Furthermore, water should be of an acceptable colour, odour and taste for each personal or domestic use.

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Assess right to water with national human rights bodies

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The French Water Academy performed a critical analysis of the implementation of the right to water and sanitation in France and submitted its findings to the National Committee on Human Rights which concluded that the French law should be revised. The suggestions of the National Committee are circulated by Government for discussion and action.

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A pro poor water tariff based on solidarity between users

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A fixed fee is a financial obstacle to the access to water for those having very low revenue. It should be avoided and the first liters of water should be provided at a very low price if water has to be affordable to poor people.  Higher unit prices would apply to higher consumption levels in such a way that the cost of providing the first block of water at reduced price  be compensated by higher payments for those having  large water use.(progressive tariff with no fixed fee).The progressive  tariff often needs to be adapted to the needs of households larger than the average.

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NO ONE LEFT BEHIND / Good practices to ensure equitable access to water and sanitation in the pan-European region

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The aim of this publication is to support policymakers, at national and local level, in fulfilling their commitments to ensure equitable access to water and sanitation. It also aims to inspire practitioners, civil society and private sector organizations on the role that they can play and the activities they can carry out in achieving equitable access to water and sanitation. Rather than attempting to issue formal guidelines, the document adopts a good practices approach. The intention is that, by providing examples of how different countries have attempted to reduce inequities in access to water and sanitation services, policymakers will find inspiration to try similar or innovative measures. It is not the intention of this publication that the practices identified in it will be automatically replicated, as good practices are country and situation specific and need to be adapted to the national and local circumstances.

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Public investments to promote access to the service in Ukraine

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This solution is a financial solution to reduce geographical inequities for access to water: public investments in infrastructure. It has been developed by the Ukrainian government in 2000.

In Ukraine, problems of continuity and good quality concerning the access to water in rural areas persist. Most rural residents rely on local groundwater sources. In 2010, 10.4 million rural residents (74% of rural population) did not have access to centralized water supply. Groundwater is mobilized through multiple means, such as shallow wells (over 2.1 million), catchments (over 1,000), artesian wells (about 80,000) and deep wells (more than 350,000). Yet, more than 1,300 rural settlements in 16 oblasts (totalling a population of more than 850,000 people) do not have constant access to good quality water and have to either transport water by lorries or use low quality water from local sources. While this is not a new problem, it has worsened in the last 20 years due to pollution and extreme weather events (floods and droughts).

 

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1.1.1 National policies delivering on the major components of the Right to Water in practice

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1.1.1  “For 2012, highlight the practical implications of the Right to Water for practitioners by collecting and disseminating at least one example per category in each region of national policies targeting and delivering effectively better water quality,availability, accessibility, affordability at country level, all major components of the human right to drinking water.”

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