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State of Qatar Experience in Seawater Desalination

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State of Qatar is located in an arid and semi-arid area that suffers from scarcity of fresh water.  In this area, the individual share of renewable water dose not exceed 500 m3 /year.  The majority of its land is made up of deserts, in which the surface waters such rivers and lakes, does not exist.Producing Fresh water by desalinating sea water although were used in a limited scale around the world at that time, but was considered to be safe and reliable alternative source of fresh water which can meet the increasing demand.  In 1953, the states of Qatar built five units and their total capacity reached 150040 gallon/day (628 m3/ day).  Further, since 1959 to date, State of Qatar started constructing Sea Water Desalination Plants in Ras Abou Aboud, Ras Abou Fontas and Ras Laffan were the production capacity reached now 327 MIGD.

More than 60 years of experience in operating, maintaining and developing sea water desalination stations together with its unique privatization and international partnership made the state of Qatar among the leading countries in this field.

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Feasibility study on combined CSP-Seawater Desalination technology

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The State of Qatar has embarked on a programme, called “QATAR NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMME (QNFSP)”, for the development of indigenous agriculture production to improve food security for the population of the State. Any increased agricultural development will provoke a challenge to the water reserves. With depleting natural water reserves, and to meet agriculture’s voracious appetite for water, such a large quantity of water for the QNFSP programme has to be from Sea Water Desalination.

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Feasibility of combined CSP-Seawater Desalination technology

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The State of Qatar has embarked on a programme, called “QATAR NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMME (QNFSP)”, by linking Solar energy, Seaawater Desalination and Agriculture development to enhance food security and simultaneously augmenting the water security will allow Qatar to establish a global reference project for “green” agriculture policy for arid states worldwide.

KAHRAMAA has contracted for Engineering and Consultancy services to provide the required consultancy services to support and assist in its tasks for the Qatar National Food Security Program (QNFSP) effort to assure the provision of the required amount of water and electricity for agriculture purposes in Qatar.

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