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Governance and IWRM for the most water-stressed region in Europe

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The solution of the Region of Murcia for Water governance can be summarized in creating an institutional and legal system that has worked well and is based on the following practices:

(1) High efficiency in the use of water resources for urban and agricultural uses.

(2) High level of reuse of all wastewater for agricultural and environmental uses.

(3) Existence of experiences on the use of desalinated water, having shown its limitations, with facilities regional, state and private owned.

(4) Problems related to the use of groundwater to face periods of drought, with a current situation in which these water bodies are polluted and overexploited.

(5) Models of efficiency in water use for irrigation, resulting in high-tech agriculture, unsubsidized, competitive and of export.

(6) Viable model of transferring water between basins (Tajo-Segura water transfer) that has meant a case of economic success and territorial and social cohesion that has generated attention for its economic and environmental benefits, job creation and development of Southeast Spain.

(7) Model of good governance and administration, with the creation of a public entity for a single administration of the treatment system and water recycling at the regional level and establishing fees for the system to be self-sufficient from an economic point of view and by the users.

(8) High involvement of civil society and direct management of water users, especially irrigation associations.

(9) Ancient existence of an institutional system for conflict resolution (Court of Wise Men) classified as World Heritage and integrated into the Spanish judiciary as a traditional court.

(10) Existence of a single basin of the Segura River under an administrative model that brings coherence to the management of extreme events (droughts / floods) and can integrate the region into the national water system.

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A City/County Water and Wastewater Study: integrating water, urban planning and stakeholders in Arizona (US)

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The City of Tucson / Pima County “Water and Wastewater Infrastructure, Supply and Planning Study (WISPS)” is a participatory study of water and wastewater infrastructure, supply and planning issues in order to establish the basis for a sustainable water future for the city and the county. The study was a colaborative activity between the two institutions, who invited stakeholders to participate.

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What impacts of climate change on surface water in France by 2070? Results of the Explore2070 project in metropolitan France and overseas departments

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the Explore2070 project aimed at evaluating the possible impacts of future climate and socio-economic changes on water bodies (surface water, groundwater and coastal water) and biodiversity, in metropolitan France and overseas departments (Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guyana, and Réunion Island). The project was managed by the French Ministry of Ecology (MEDDTL) and gathered several consultancies and research institutes to establish a general overview of the expected evolutions by 2070. Through both the extent and the variety of the project’s objectives, Explore2070 will provide answers to many questions raised by managers and better evaluate the stakes related to these evolutions.

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National Policies reformation and development strategy for constructing Water reservoirs and access for clean drinking water throughout rural communities in Balochistan as “Human right to access water”

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The largest in area & the least developed province of Pakistan, Balochistan covers nearly half of the total area about 47 % and with its only 7 million people, approx 5.8 percent of the country total population;The major water issue raising is the lowering of the water table that is a matter of great concern that can have negative effects on all spheres of life. 

All of the stake holders from the environmental institution, water management authority, agriculture department and rural area development departments will be organized at national and provincial level for making a national strategic plan for brining the reformation and endorsement of new technological, mechanical and research based strategies and innovations. 

This will help and provide a roadmap to the national level and provincial level institution to assist the grassroots stake holder to assess their existing situation and seek funding from provincial and federal ministries/ institutions on logical basis.

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Institutional and Legislative Arrangement for Sustainable Rural Water Supply Systems in Sri Lanka

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The Sri Lankan government established the National Water Supply and Drainage Board (NWSDB) in 1974. The NWSDB has been implementing rural water supply programmes since 1970’s and then with the initiative of the Water Decade, the facilities were expanded. This initiative had given ample opportunities to NWSDB to experiment with various Strategies and Methodologies for implementing RWSS programmes. . The project had already introduced and applied innovative strategies aiming towards sustainable management. Its main feature was bottom to top approach. In this mechanism the following committees were also established:  

·   Village level – Village Coordination Committee (VCC),

·   Divisional level – Divisional Level Coordination Committee (DLCC),

·   Provincial/Regional level – Provincial Coordination Committee (PCC),

·   National level – National Steering Committee (NSC). 

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The Arab Water Forum, a platform for addressing regional priorities, identifying solutions and commitments

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The solution developed consensus that Food security is essential for political, social and economic stability in the Arab countries and is strongly linked to water security. Agriculture will continue to be a major component of the regional economy, providing jobs as well as food security.

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Creating a web based platform to ensure good water governance by making information available to take informed decisions

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Establish and strengthen a web based forum for effective information sharing and debate for the use of water managers to take informed governance decisions. This forum will be available for all the stakeholders to put across their concerns and requirements and their points of view on governance.

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