ASHWAS – a Survey of Household Water and Sanitation in India

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ASHWAS is a participatory survey conducted by Arghyam – an Indian charity organisation- with the support of partner NGOs to ascertain the status of domestic water and sanitation in rural Karnataka from a citizen perspective. The aim of the survey is to  create awareness on water and sanitation issues and introduce a participatory approach to deal with these issues. The survey covered 17,200 households in 172 gram panchayats (GPs) across 28 districts of the State during 2008-09. In addition, separate information was collected from gram panchyat officials and village elders.