The European Commission with an innovative approach supports the Nepad Centres of Excellence in water fostering the south to south cooperation and supporting them as the key knowledge actors for the development of the water sector.
Developing water awareness is one of the basic pillars on which the Water Development Department (WDD) is investing for achieving a change of attitude and culture on the use of water in order to conserve it. The awareness campaign about the water problem consisted of: a) lectures in schools by WDD personnel and four literature teachers recruited for a period of five months. By 2010 a number of 437 lectures were given to educational institutions nationwide, and the number of youngsters who attended these lectures amounted to 40,276; b) advertising and presentations on media, such as sponsoring the Weather Bulletin at the Main News Bulletin of the Cyprus Broadcasting Service, promoting the slogan: “mind the water”; c) publications to inform the public about the water problem; d) annual Press Conference by the Director of the WDD; e) Support of various Agencies/Organizations by the WDD and other events; f) Other activities such as seminars, symposia, workshops, studies and consultations with the public, g) Setup of a website for the WDD and its daily updating.
The solution relates to the quality of education provided on water conflict resolution. Diplomatic fundamentals such as knowledge and objectivity are surprisingly passed over in water diplomacy training and interventions. A return to these would help us move away from apparently apolitical attempts at conflict management, and towards water conflict resolution. One way the knowledge may be gathered is by undertaking ‘hydropolitical baselines’ that review and analyse the hydrologic, water use, and political record. Objectivity can be helped through appeal to and strengthening of international norms, such as customary water law.
Constructed wetland technology options for the provision of enhanced sanitation in small, economically impoverished communities: a capacity building solution
The Centre for Alternative Wastewater Treatment (CAWT) is proposing to develop a training program aimed at transferring knowledge to local agencies/organizations overseeing the implementation of wetland technologies and other appropriate treatment technologies devoted to providing increased access to wastewater treatment and hence increased sanitation. This work would be developed to address local conditions including both the physical and human resources for that region. The intent is to develop the capacity within the region for the implementation, operation and monitoring of technologies dedicated to the treatment of human sewage. The aim is to provide greater treatment of human sewage and by doing so to provide increased protection to local drinking water supplies.
The Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) is responsible for setting plans and programmes for training the technical staff working in the water sector and for rehabilitation of training centers according to set procedures and regulations (Palestinian Water Law (3/2002) Article (7)). Within this context, PWA supported by the German International Cooperation (GIZ) initiated the Palestinian Training Coordination Project in 2004 which was integrated in 2006 into the Human Resources Development (HRD) Component II of the Water Programme in the Palestinian Territory
Using Drip Irrigation to increase sustainable productivity among smallholders in developing countries
Drip Irrigation is more than just technology transfer. It represents viable economic opportunities, helping subsistence farmers build up their agribusiness capabilities and become commercial farmers. Netafim believes that the key success factor for such projects is combining hardware and software, in other words, providing tools as well as building capacity.
Whilst effective action has already been taken in terms of infrastructure development and rehabilitation, as well as of peer to peer learning and benchmarking, utility managers and decision makers in developing countries still lack access to adequate training courses that are internationally recognized. Except internal training “in the field” or targeted training sessions, there is a limited offer that helps utility managers or outstanding staff targeted to become managers, to quickly enhance their managerial capacity in all dimension of the service managerial functions.
Innovative approach to build human capacity of organizations implementing water, sanitation and hygiene programs worldwide
CAWST- Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology focuses on developing the human capacity of implementing organizations so that they can thrive independently and competently.
CAWST recognizes that learning and development are incremental and cumulative, so actively and continually support clients as needed at each stage of their development to initiate grassroot actions.
The Gal Oya project, 1981-85, funded by USAID and Government of Sri Lanka (GSL) with about 36MUSD, had two components: hardware (95% for the rehabilitation of the irrigation infrastructure) and software (5% for studies and introduction of water user associations). This case shows the productivity of investments in social capital enhancement to solve water shortages and obtain better production results with less water.