The sustainable management of transboundary aquifers requires sound scientific knowledge of the aquifer but also an understanding of the needs of every person having a stake in the aquifer: society, industry, agriculture, NGOs. Since the beginning of MiRTAP (Milk River Transboundary Aquifer Project), the different communities on each side of the border have been involved, first in the generation of knowledge, and more recently in drafting a plan for the joint management of the aquifer.
In recent years, water pollution and overuse have worsened in many places, and climate change is making water availability more unpredictable, with more frequent, widespread droughts and floods. These problems are compounded in the case of transboundary waters. International law requires states to cooperate over the sustainable management of these precious resources.
The solution to this long-standing challenge largely lies in the construction of the Ethiopian grand renaissance dam where NBD will work closely with the relevant actors to ensure that information availability and concerted dialogues, leads to a recognition and implementation of international water law principles. This dam has opened up great opportunities for building trust, peace and cooperation.
As a legal solution to address those concerns, WWF proposes the future adoption of a protocol to the UNWC, adapting its rules to all groundwaters relevant to international law. This protocol would take into account the draft articles and other legal sources, as a basis for renewed negotiations on the codification and development of international groundwater law, culminating in the adoption of the proposed protocol.
The DIKTAS project has four main goals:
1. Improving the understanding of the resource and of its environmental status
2. Establishing cooperation mechanisms among countries
3. Facilitating the harmonization of policies and priority reforms.
4. Stakeholders participation, dissemination and replication of activities.
In order to achieve these objectives various cooperation mechanisms are envisaged
Water pollution and overuse have worsened in many places, and climate change is making water availability more unpredictable, with more frequent droughts and floods. These problems are compounded in the case of transboundary waters. International law requires states to cooperate over the sustainable management of these precious resources. However, transboundary water management raises major practical and political issues. Nations have addressed such issues by adopting and implementing treaties that govern interstate cooperation on specific international freshwaters. Yet most of the world’s transboundary waters still lack sufficient legal protection.
Both, in the Incomati river basin as well as in the Vecht river basin, regional water management organizations face an obligation from higher institutional levels to get to a situation of efficient transboundary river basin management. In case of the Incomati the legal obligation is based on a Tripartite Agreement between Swaziland, South Africa and Mozambique. In case of the Vecht the obligation is based on the European Water Framework Directive.
Establish Sustainable land use based on watershed management system in transboundary region of South Caucasus in response to Climate Change
One of the most vulnerable countries of Eastern Europe in terms of flooding and water related natural hazards to the projected impacts of climate change is South Caucasus. Climate change will result in more frequent occurrence of hydro-meteorological hazards and associated catastrophic events. The proposed project illustrates how to develop resilience of highly vulnerable communities and regions to climate related hazards, such as floods, flash floods and associated disaster. The project takes and integrated and comprehensive approach by addressing critical gaps in land use policy and regulatory framework, fundamental to climate resilient flood management. The project proposes the following solutions for Climate Change uncertainties in water planning such as: strengthening policy, planning and regulatory environments for promotion of sustainable land management (SLM) in transboundary watersheds of the South Caucasus region via development and endorsement of bilateral watershed SLM Action Plans identifying DRR priorities;
KIM-UNU; Knowledge, Integration and Management Platform developed by the United Nations University and being shared with the World
KIM-UNU, “Knowledge Integration and Management – United Nations University” is the name of the technology platform developed by UNU-INWEH in partnership with the Centre for Community Mapping (COMAP) The platform is broadly divided into 3 integrated components;
1) A relational database for document, map, photo, video, and spatial information upload combined with a powerful database management system to locate and extract the information;
2) A suite of leaning and communication tools to both facilitate live interaction between users and capture and save imparted knowledge back into the system, and;
3) A user-friendly web portal.
Integrated management of the shared waters in Tigris and Euphrates basins to face the real challenges facing international water Resources, especially Climate Change Impacts.
To mitigate the current and projected water shortages, Iraqmust address and resolve issues of competing water demands and develop long term strategy for water policies based on cooperation between riparian countries. Since downstream countries depends on the political will of the upstream countries and because of real challenges facing international shared water resources especially the Climate Change impact, all riparian countries should work together for integrated management of the shared waters. Many agreements have been signed between riparian countries of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers basins, high official meetings have been held, protocols and cooperative committees have been formed to reinforce cooperation between them but still they failed to reach a permanent agreement.