It is estimated that more than 100,000 chemical substances are contaminating our drinking water every day. As water is the basis for a healthy life, strict control as well as a sophisticated and reliable water purification and supply is a crucial condition for health and the prevention of epidemics all over the world.
1001 fontaines is a non profit organization (created in 2004) working actively to improve access to safe drinking water in developing countries. 1001 fontaines’ vision is to create, in each target village, a community-based professional and sustainable activity enabling villagers to drink totally safe water, every day, therefore directly impacting their health by eliminating one of the major sources of water-borne diseases. This approach relies on two core ideas: simple technologies and entrepreneurial spirit.
Proposal for a revised directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on Priority Substances in the field of water quality
The EU Water Framework Directive set the objective of the achievement of the good status objective for European water bodies by 2015. Significant progress have been made, but improvements in water quality in the EU could be at risk from new forms of chemical pollution. Hence, the Commission is proposing to add 15 chemicals to the list of 33 pollutants that are monitored and controlled in EU surface waters. This is another step towards improving the quality of our river, lake and coastal waters.
Case study on the West Morava (Serbia, Kosovo), improving the quality a water body in a transboundary context
The consortium, lead by Safege and comprising Seureca (subsidiary of the Veolia company), Eptisa, Safege Serbia and Beoinzenjering 2000, has the objective to speed up the investments needed for the construction of sanitation infrastructures.
The achievement of this objective is planned through the following means:
- the definition of a functional and technical framework in order to facilitate Serbia and Kosovo’s access to European funds of the IPA (Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance)
- the definition of two investment programmes (one for Serbia, the other for Kosovo), with implementation intended at the achievement of IWRM within the transboundary basin by 2035
This solution defines good forest management practices that will contribute to high quality drinking water production. Forest managers’ undertakings for drinking water offer an efficient way to produce cheap, high quality drinking water under contract. Maintaining plant cover and soil protection, extensive management, low nitrate content in the water leaching into the ground, purifying functions and natural image: foresters have every reason to take pride in their role in preserving clean drinking water resources – a role that deserves to be given greater prominence.
Overexploitation (due to overpopulation, industrial and agricultural policies or mass tourism) is leading to a gradual and sometimes irreversible damage to our water resources. This risk is particularly acute in coastal areas where excessive strain on the water supply is causing salt intrusion, thereby damaging pumping stations and threatening the quality of groundwater. Only a targeted, continuous and proactive management of these aquifers can prevent this threat and avoid an expensive, lengthy and difficult remediation process. The imaGeau innovative technology can address this issue by proposing the following:
- A continuous and dynamic monitoring of the quality and availability of water resources
- A high frequency time series and historical data log over several months or years
- Online access to groundwater data for monitoring and sustainable management.
In the Ebro river basin, there is around 1 million hectares of irrigated land. One of the main issues of this watershed concern the discharges of irrigation water, which carries concentrated amounts of nitrates and salts. In large irrigation districts, most of this water is gathered by drainage systems and ends up in streams and rivers.
It is therefore very important to control and implement measures in the irrigated area of the region in order to achieve the good status of the water body as required by the WFD.
In order to do so, a special network for the Control of Discharged Irrigation Water (RECOREBRO) has been set up.
ONE DROP’s tripod approach as a means to fight poverty by supporting access to water in developing countries
Our projects are carried out using a tripod approach, which is made up of three complementary components aimed at fighting poverty: (1) to raise the population’s awareness through social arts and popular education, (2) to improve access to water, responsible management of said resource and sanitation, and (3) to grant microcredits.The water management component involves various measures. First, improving access to water by protecting and/or rebuilding/building structures to be used as a water source, and also through rainwater harvesting . Second, developing family gardens (drip irrigation systems).
WHYCOS is a global programme, developed in response to (i) the scarcity or absence of accurate and timely accessible data and information in real or near real time on freshwater resources in many parts of the world, particularly the developing countries, caused by the obsolescence of many observing networks and insufficient data management capabilities and (ii) the low level of cooperation and data exchange among countries with shared waterbodies.