In West Africa, the construction of large water infrastructures is top of the agenda and many dams are foreseen for the future. Within ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States (15 countries, 300 million inhabitants), the role of the Water Resource Coordination Center (WRCC) is to help member states to better manage water resources and to develop sustainable projects that can be useful for the economy of the region.
Achieving Sustainable Ecosystem through Development of Sustainable Water Resources Management and Planning System for the Langat River Basin of Malaysia
Sustainable Ecosystem Management is focusing on the sustainable water resources management and planning system of the Langat River Basin in Malaysia. Sustainable ecosystem management approach, taking into account the integrated management, utilization efficiency, resource conservation, and ecosystem maintenance through the establishment of indicators and an integrated plan for the basin ecosystem, especially for the Langat Basin, which also can be used for Malaysia and the world’s ecosystems. The sustainable water management include management, water consumption and utilization for efficient water resource management in the basin. This research also implements the integrated water resource management (IWRM) and others mechanisms of water saving and minimisation.
Low cost greywater treatment and use in irrigation for poverty reduction in rural areas of water scarce countries in the MENA Region
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region is facing chronic water scarcity, which is very severe in some countries such as Jordan and Yemen. INWRDAM had been involved since February 2000 in greywater research activities in Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen. Houses in rural areas in the MENA region are usually simple and this makes it possible to separate greywater from black water with minimal modification of sewer pipes inside the house. In 2000 INWRDAM conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the potential for greywater reuse in rural areas of Jordan.
Strategic basin planning can be defined as a coherent multi-disciplinary approach to managing basin water resources and its users in order to identify and satisfy social, economic and environmental priorities. This approach is characterised by:
- Trade-offs between alternative economic, social and environmental objectives. These trade-offs are not simply technical issues, but require broader societal, economic and biodiversity considerations.
- Sophisticated understanding of environmental requirements: planning that recognises the importance of aquatic ecosystem functioning in providing goods and services for social and economic development. This considers issues such as flow regulation, flood attenuation, sediment-geomorphology maintenance and water quality assimilation services.
- Understanding basin interactions, including a range of hydrological, ecological, social and economic systems and activities at work within a basin.
- Robust scenario-based analysis: planning that addresses uncertainty in future development and climate by assessing the challenges and opportunities associated with alternative hydro-economic scenarios.
- Prioritisation: planning that identifies the key priorities within the basin, whether in terms of the needs for economic development, social justice or environmental protection. This prioritisation is inherently a social and political decision.
In selected river basins of Central Asia activities on Data Management for improving water resources management have been carried out within the Transboundary Water Resources Management in Central Asia programme. Overall objective of the intervention is to support the Central Asian countries in the establishment of effective institutions for sustainable water resource management based on IWRM principles through data management activities.
The AquaFund provides grants that contribute to the achievement of the water-related Millennium Development Goals and the targets established under the Inter-American Development Bank’s (IDB) Water and Sanitation Initiative. It facilitates investment in the areas of water supply and sanitation, water resources management, and wastewater treatment, It prioritizes working in alliance with local authorities and operators by providing support for both Institutional Strengthening and Project Preparation.
Actually, many oriental counties are on shot rations of water for irrigating. The water deficiency in Central Asia region is increasing. Aral Sea has almost disappeared. Ecological catastrophe in Aral Sea region should be considered not only as a regional but as a global one. When the reasons of Aral Sea problem and water deficiency in Central Asia are discussed, everybody points to the increasing of irrigated areas within last 50-60 years.
Twinning on IWRM data and education and climate change adaptation strategy (Pakistan – United Kingdom)
This solution consists in the twinning of two parties. Here, the two partners were the School of Geography (UNITED KINGDOM) & the Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering (PAKISTAN).
Case study on the SILMAS project: improve our understanding of the impacts of climate change on mountainous regions’ water resources
The project SILMAS (Sustainable Instruments for Lakes Management in the Alpine Space) is part of the Alpine Space Programme, itself launched in the framework of “European Territorial Cooperation” of the European Community (which goal is the harmonious, balanced development of the European territory).
Its goal is to enhance international cooperation between its 5 members (Germany, Austria, France, Italy and Slovenia), to develop a “shared vision” which seems only logical given the characteristics of the region: a common climate, relief, concentration of wealth, water and habitat.
This solution consists in providing the water sectors in each region (EU and China) with a framework for dialogue, exchange of best practices and collaboration. It will help both parties to find how to properly manage water resources and achieve a sustainable social and economic development while protecting the water environment.