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Integrated Water Supply and Sanitation Project Changa Pani Program

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The Changa Pani Program was designed to be based on the principles of the “Component Sharing Model”. It has three components, namely, External, Internal, and Main System component. WASA designed the External and Internal components of the project; it was responsible for the design, quality assurance and monitoring of these components, with the support of Urban Unit. According to the model, Internal development refers to the community’s share of the job; the construction of toilets in houses, and pipe fitting for water supply and sewage pipes from the houses to the main line, was completely funded by the community itself. The External Development of Changa Pani was the responsibility of the Government.

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Finland programme supporting water and sanitation improvement in EECCA Countries under the Wider Europe Initiative (WEI)

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FinWater WEI is a flagship programme under the Wider Europe Initiative that strengthens Finland’s development policy through a comprehensive approach to Finland’s development cooperation in the EECCA area (Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia). It aims to promote regional stability and prosperity in the partner countries of the initiative as well as in the wider European region. The themes of the initiative are security, trade and development, information society development, energy and the environment, and social sustainability.
The FinWater WEI programme works to ensure sustainable water management in the EECCA area. Along with the needs of the partner countries, the programme is based on Finland’s Development Policy Programme, UN¬ECE legal instruments on water, the EU Water Initiative, and the UN Millennium Development Goals on water. The Strategic Cooperation Programme for Finland’s Water Sector Support to the EECCA countries 2009 – 2013 (FinWaterWEI) approved in December 2009 defines five focal areas:  water and health; transboundary waters; dam safety; monitoring, reporting and assessment; climate change.

The programme contains three different types of activities: 1. Activities or processes led by international institutions. 2. Bilateral activities as either stand alone or as components of some larger programme involving one or more additional financier. 3. Institutional capacity building activities between organizations in Finland and in the EECCA countries.
Country specific activities regarding Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) and Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) -aimed at improving coverage and quality of water sector services, are initiated through National Policy Dialogues. This National Policy Dialogues involve high level representatives of all key partners in the country in question, including representatives of relevant international organisations and civil society (NGOs).

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