WWF Water Conventions Initiative

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Water pollution and overuse have worsened in many places, and climate change is making water availability more unpredictable, with more frequent droughts and floods. These problems are compounded in the case of transboundary waters. International law requires states to cooperate over the sustainable management of these precious resources. However, transboundary water management raises major practical and political issues. Nations have addressed such issues by adopting and implementing treaties that govern interstate cooperation on specific international freshwaters. Yet most of the world’s transboundary waters still lack sufficient legal protection.