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Laying the foundations of recovery in emergency response programming

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The solution lies in understanding community resilience and building in a culture that drives DRR strategies within relief and recovery programming.Allowing programmes to become more contextually specific, with the flexibility to meet the real needs at the critical times within a post-disaster environment.

 

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Development of a Tool for managing groundwater resources in semi-arid hard rock regions. Application to a rural watershed in south India.

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Until recently, aquifers located in hard rock formations (granite, gneiss, schist) were considered as a highly heterogeneous media, and no adequate methodology for groundwater management was available. Recent research studies showed that when hard-rocks are exposed to regional and deep weathering processes and when the geology is relatively homogeneous, a typical hard rock aquifer is made of two main superimposed hydro-geological layers each characterized by quite homogeneous specific hydrodynamic properties: namely the saprolite and the fissured layers. Therefore, for these cases, hard rock aquifers can be considered as a multi-layered system.

 

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RIM – Network of Farmers in Mediterranean irrigated Systems: an innovative vocational approach

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The pilot project RIM – Network of Farmers in Mediterranean irrigated systems – enables to carry out vocational training in the Maghreb region on water savings in irrigation and the development of value chains, benefiting family farmers’ organisations (cooperatives and agricultural water users’ associations). Read the rest of this entry →

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SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) method

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SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) method – is a simple and cheap procedure to disinfect drinking water at the household level. People of the South get access to safe drinking water and this can improve their health in the long term.

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Affordability indicator

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The affordability index is the ratio of the price of 120 m3 of water used by a household of 3  (water supply and sanitation) to the income of that household. When the affordability index is too high, social measures may be required. In France and UK, an index of 3% is considered reasonable by official bodies. In France a bill has been proposed to alleviate water expenditures of those having to spend  over 3% of their income for water bills. 

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Diffusion of the key performance indicators for IWRM developed for the Africa region

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Since 2007, the International Office for Water (IOWater) and the International Network of Basin Organizations (INBO) are developing performance indicators for the assessment of African Transboundary Basin Organizations (TBOs).

 

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The French Global Environment Facility support to the Volta Basin Authority: creation of an observatory of water resources and associated environments

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Although 19 million people live in the Volta basin and largely depend on its resources for their livelihoods, no basin organization was in place to effectively manage its resources until January 2007. On that date, a convention was adopted by the riparian States, creating the Volta Basin Authority (VBA) and defining the legal status of the river.

 

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Suggestion of the creation of an IPCC of water: the Intergovernmental Panel on Water (IPW)

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This solution consists in replicating in the water sector a structure similar to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It seems relevant since, as climate, water is both a global and local issue, characterized by long-term challenges concerning mankind as a whole.

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Social Connection Policy – Nairobi

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Under its new Social Connection Policy, Nairobi Water Company allocates 1% of all water revenues to financing the extension of water services to the residents of the city’s informal settlements, who represent about 60% of the population. The funds are used for capacity development of the company’s informal settlements department, development of customer service systems for the low income segment, strengthening the contractual linkages between utility, small providers and consumers, mapping the existing assets, planning service improvements, project preparation, community mobilisation as well as infrastructure installation and refurbishment, where this is needed. The goal of the policy is to ensure there is a water service point within 50 meters of every household in the city.

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IWRM applied to the renewal of hydropower concessions

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One river is often equiped with multiple hydropower infrastructures. These infrastructures are deeply interdependent: downstream hydropower plants highly depend on the water flow from downstream infrastructures. Taking this situation into account, efficiency suggests that infrastructure located in the same basin be managed by a single institution, holding all the concessions of a given hydraulic chain. However, until now, it has rarely been the case.

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